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Raimund Muscheler

Raimund Muscheler

Professor

Raimund Muscheler

Solar Activity of the Past 100 Years Inferred From 10Be in Ice Cores—Implications for Long-Term Solar Activity Reconstructions

Författare

  • Minjie Zheng
  • Florian Adolphi
  • Jesper Sjolte
  • Ala Aldahan
  • Göran Possnert
  • Mousong Wu
  • Peng Chen
  • Raimund Muscheler

Summary, in English

Differences between 10Be records from Greenland and Antarctica over the last 100 years have led to different conclusions about past changes in solar activity. The reasons for this disagreement remain unresolved. We analyze a seasonally resolved 10Be record from a firn core (North Greenland Eemian Ice Drilling [NEEM] ice core project) in Northwestern Greenland for 1887–2002. By comparing the NEEM data to 10Be data from the NGRIP and Dye3 ice cores, we find that the Dye3 data after 1958 are significantly lower. These low values lead to a normalization problem in solar reconstructions when connecting 10Be variations to modern observations. Excluding these data strongly reduces the differences between solar reconstructions over the last 2,000 years based on Greenland and Antarctic 10Be data. Furthermore, 10Be records from polar regions and group sunspot numbers do not support a substantial increase in solar activity for the 1937–1950 period as proposed by previous extensions of the neutron monitor data.

Avdelning/ar

  • Kvartärgeologi
  • MERGE: ModElling the Regional and Global Earth system
  • BECC: Biodiversity and Ecosystem services in a Changing Climate

Publiceringsår

2021-02

Språk

Engelska

Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie

Geophysical Research Letters

Volym

48

Issue

4

Dokumenttyp

Artikel i tidskrift

Förlag

American Geophysical Union (AGU)

Ämne

  • Earth and Related Environmental Sciences

Nyckelord

  • Dye3
  • ice core
  • NEEM
  • neutron monitor data
  • seasonally resolved Be
  • solar reconstructions

Status

Published

ISBN/ISSN/Övrigt

  • ISSN: 0094-8276