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Mikael Calner

Mikael Calner

Professor

Mikael Calner

Geochemical variations within the mid-Silurian Grotlingbo Bentonite (Gotland, Sweden): discriminating between magmatic composition, ash transport fractionation and diagenetic effects

Författare

  • Peter Dahlqvist
  • Mikael Calner
  • Toivo Kallaste
  • Tarmo Kiipli
  • Sven Siir

Summary, in English

This paper reports on the geochemistry of the mid-Silurian Grotlingbo Bentonite, a ca. 0.10.4-m-thick and regionally important bentonite bed in Sweden and the East Baltic area. A series of eight samples, spaced by 5cm, were taken from the Hunninge-1 drillcore in Gotland, Sweden, and were analysed in order to establish the vertical element composition and variation in the bentonite. The results show that the Gotlingbo Bentonite originates from one source magma and from one single eruption. The lowermost 0.10.15m of the bentonite (compacted) was deposited from air-transport fall-out, whereas the upper portions have been reworked in a shallow-marine environment and re-deposited. Vertical differences in Ti and Zr within the Grotlingbo Bentonite mean that regional correlation of the bed may need several samples at each locality to be reliable.

Avdelning/ar

  • Berggrundsgeologi

Publiceringsår

2012

Språk

Engelska

Sidor

273-282

Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie

GFF

Volym

134

Issue

4

Dokumenttyp

Artikel i tidskrift

Förlag

Taylor & Francis

Ämne

  • Geology

Nyckelord

  • Sweden
  • Grotlingbo Bentonite
  • Gotland
  • Silurian

Status

Published

ISBN/ISSN/Övrigt

  • ISSN: 2000-0863