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Mikael Calner

Mikael Calner

Professor

Mikael Calner

Carbon isotope chemostratigraphy and sea-level history of the Hirnantian Stage (uppermost Ordovician) in the Oslo-Asker district, Norway

Författare

  • Mikael Calner
  • Johan Fredrik Bockelie
  • Christian M.Ø. Rasmussen
  • Hanna Calner
  • Oliver Lehnert
  • Michael M. Joachimski

Summary, in English

We present a 13Ccarb chemostratigraphy for the Late Ordovician Hirnantian Stage based on 208 whole-rock samples from six outcrops in the Oslo-Asker district, southern Norway. Our data include the Norwegian type section for the Hirnantian Stage and Ordovician-Silurian boundary at Hovedøya Island. The most complete record of the Hirnantian Isotope Carbon Excursion (HICE) is identified in a coastal exposure at Konglungø locality where the preserved part of the anomaly spans a c. 24 m thick, mixed carbonate-siliciclastic succession belonging to the upper Husbergøya, Langåra and Langøyene formations and where 13Ccarb peak values reach c. +6 ‰. Almost the entire HICE occurs above beds containing the Hirnantia Fauna, suggesting a latest Hirnantian age for the peak of the excursion. The temporal development of the HICE in southern Norway is associated with substantial shallowing of depositional environments. Sedimentary facies and erosional unconformities suggest four inferably fourth-order glacio-eustatically controlled sea-level lowstands with successively increased exposure and erosion to the succession. The youngest erosional unconformity is related to the development of incised valleys and resulted in cut-out of at least the falling limb of the HICE throughout most of the Oslo-Asker district. The fill of the valleys contains the falling limb of the HICE, and the postglacial transgression therefore can be assigned to the latest part of the Hirnantian Age. We address the recent findings of the chitinozoan Belonechitina gamachiana in the study area and its relationship to the first occurrence of Hirnantia Fauna in the studied sections, challenging identification of the base of the Hirnantian Stage.

Avdelning/ar

  • Berggrundsgeologi

Publiceringsår

2021-07-19

Språk

Engelska

Sidor

1977-2008

Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie

Geological Magazine

Volym

158

Issue

11

Dokumenttyp

Artikel i tidskrift

Förlag

Cambridge University Press

Ämne

  • Geology

Nyckelord

  • brachiopods
  • glaciation
  • HICE
  • Hovedøya
  • incised valley
  • Konglungø
  • oolite

Status

Published

ISBN/ISSN/Övrigt

  • ISSN: 0016-7568