Javascript är avstängt eller blockerat i din webbläsare. Detta kan leda till att vissa delar av vår webbplats inte fungerar som de ska. Sätt på javascript för optimal funktionalitet och utseende.

Webbläsaren som du använder stöds inte av denna webbplats. Alla versioner av Internet Explorer stöds inte längre, av oss eller Microsoft (läs mer här: * https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/microsoft-365/windows/end-of-ie-support).

Var god och använd en modern webbläsare för att ta del av denna webbplats, som t.ex. nyaste versioner av Edge, Chrome, Firefox eller Safari osv.

Helena Filipsson, foto Erik Thor

Helena Filipsson

Professor

Helena Filipsson, foto Erik Thor

Robust global ocean cooling trend for the pre-industrial Common Era

Författare

  • Helen V. McGregor
  • Michael N. Evans
  • Hugues Goosse
  • Guillaume Leduc
  • Belen Martrat
  • Jason A. Addison
  • P. Graham Mortyn
  • Delia W. Oppo
  • Marit-Solveig Seidenkrantz
  • Marie-Alexandrine Sicre
  • Steven J. Phipps
  • Kandasamy Selvaraj
  • Kaustubh Thirumalai
  • Helena Filipsson
  • Vasile Ersek

Summary, in English

The oceans mediate the response of global climate to natural and anthropogenic forcings. Yet for the past 2,000 years - a key interval for understanding the present and future climate response to these forcings - global sea surface temperature changes and the underlying driving mechanisms are poorly constrained. Here we present a global synthesis of sea surface temperatures for the Common Era (CE) derived from 57 individual marine reconstructions that meet strict quality control criteria. We observe a cooling trend from 1 to 1800 CE that is robust against explicit tests for potential biases in the reconstructions. Between 801 and 1800 CE, the surface cooling trend is qualitatively consistent with an independent synthesis of terrestrial temperature reconstructions, and with a sea surface temperature composite derived from an ensemble of climate model simulations using best estimates of past external radiative forcings. Climate simulations using single and cumulative forcings suggest that the ocean surface cooling trend from 801 to 1800 CE is not primarily a response to orbital forcing but arises from a high frequency of explosive volcanism. Our results show that repeated clusters of volcanic eruptions can induce a net negative radiative forcing that results in a centennial and global scale cooling trend via a decline in mixed-layer oceanic heat content.

Avdelning/ar

  • Kvartärgeologi

Publiceringsår

2015

Språk

Engelska

Sidor

671-677

Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie

Nature Geoscience

Volym

8

Issue

9

Dokumenttyp

Artikel i tidskrift

Förlag

Nature Publishing Group

Ämne

  • Climate Research

Status

Published

ISBN/ISSN/Övrigt

  • ISSN: 1752-0908